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Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force. 260th Battalion

  • ppcli
  • Instelling
  • 1918-1919

The 260th Battalion was one of two Infantry Battalions within the 16th Canadian Infantry Brigade, Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force (C.S.E.F.), formed by Order of Council 12 August 1918. They were part of an Allied Force of more than 120,000 men commanded by General Kikuzo Otani of Japan. The Allied Force was originally united to protect Allied war materials stockpiled in Russia and to reopen the Eastern Front. This priority later changed to that of rescuing the Czechoslovakian Legion, which was stranded in Siberia by the aftermath of the Russian Revolution. The Russian Revolution of 1917 necessitated the withdrawal of the Tsar's Army from the Eastern Front. This increased pressure on the already exhausted Allies in the West and put military stores at Archangel in the North and Vladivostok in the South at risk. The Czech Brigade, formed by patriotic deserters from the Austro-Hungarian Army, was no longer able to fight from Russian soil. Following the signing of the Brest- Livotsk Treaty between the Bolsheviks and the Central Powers in March 1918, the Czech Legion, now 60,000 strong and composed of pardoned POWs, displaced Serbs, Italians, Rumanians and Poles, found themselves essentially behind enemy lines. With the Provisional Government's blessing, the Legion's initial aim was to cross Siberia by rail to Vladivostok where they would sail to North America and then to France to resume the fight for an independent homeland. Following an incident involving the Czechs and repatriated Hungarian prisoners, the Bolsheviks decreed that any armed Legionnaire found along the railway would be shot on the spot. The Legion was reluctantly drawn into the Russian Civil War and forced to side with the "White" Russians. By late summer 1918 they controlled the Trans-Siberian Railway from Omsk to Vladivostok. This prompted the Allies to consider a possible Bolshevik defeat. The Canadian Government, hoping to establish favorable post-war trading opportunities with the Far East, agreed to be part of a "Mixed Brigade" to support the "White" Russians. This was the first independent military expedition that Canada was to undertake. The Armistice of 11 November 1918 clouded the issues. The Canadian people were reluctant to become involved in further offensive operations, especially in the East. This meant that the C.S.E.F. would serve only as a "stabilizing element". The 260th Battalion was composed of 42 Officers and 984 Other Ranks, 520 of which were drafted under the Military Service Act of 1917. Under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Jamieson of Edmonton, the Battalion trained at Willows Camp in Victoria from October through December 1918. The Spanish flu epidemic of 1918/19 landed 180 men in hospital and delayed departure. The Battalion finally embarked on the SS Protesliaus at Gordon Head on 26 December 1918, arriving in Vladivostok 15 January 1919. The Battalion was stationed at Gournestai Barracks (10 miles east of Vladivostok), with guards posted at East and Second River Barracks. During the 14 weeks in theatre no shots were fired in anger and, except for small parties of railway guards, the Battalion never moved east. A month after the arrival of the C.S.E.F., plans were underway to bring them home. Many of the men of the 260th were among the first to leave, departing Vladivostok on the SS Monteagle 22 April 1919. When they arrived in Vancouver on the 22nd of June, the wharf that 6 months ago was packed with a cheering populace was now deserted. In 1997 the PPCLI agreed to perpetuate the 260th Battalion and become the official "safekeeper" of the Battalion's heritage. Perpetuation is a uniquely Canadian system that insures, when possible, the deeds and sacrifices of disbanded combat units that have gained an honour or distinction in the field are remembered. The PPCLI will now carry the Battle Honour "Siberia 1918-1919".

Kedey (family)

  • ppcli
  • Familie
  • 1890-

411017 William Moses Kedey was born at Fitzroy Harbour, Ontario, 4 October 1890. He enlisted with the First University Company, 17 March 1915 and joined the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry in the field 28 July 1915. He died 3 September 1916 in the Derbyshire Royal Infirmary of wounds received at Mount Sorrel 16 July 1916. Papers discovered upon his death revealed that Private Kedey was a Mason and this was brought to the attention of the Duke of Derbyshire, Provincial Grand Master, who had also been appointed Governor General of Canada in August 1916. The Duke arranged for a funeral service to be held in Derby and William Kedey was buried with full military and masonic honours in Nottingham Cemetery, Derbyshire. Photographs and newsclippings of Kedey's funeral came into the possession of his nephew, Arthur Piggott of Ottawa. Arthur's wife, businesswoman and politician Jean Piggott, was chair of the National Capital Commission in the 1990s.

Craig, Gordon McSpadden

  • ppcli
  • Persoon
  • 1895-1949

Gordon McSpadden Craig, known in his military records as 411167 Gordon Craig, was born on 7 February 1895 in Belfast, Ireland. In 1904 he emigrated with his family to Vancouver, BC. He was apparently a student at McGill University College of British Columbia (later University of British Columbia) when he enlisted in the McGill University Company of the Canadian Army on 27 April 1915. He trained at Niagara-on-the Lake, Ontario, and was transferred to Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI) in the field on 28 July 1915. He was captured in battle on 2 June 1916 and was held prisoner of war until 6 December 1918. He returned to Vancouver and became an entrepreneur, proprietor of Gordon Craig Radios at 637 Richards Street. In 1920 he married Vera Maude Giberson, and they lived in the upper-middle-class West Kitsilano district. They had three daughters, Patricia Gladys (Whyte), Vera Eileen, and Clodagh. Gordon retired from his business in 1944 and died from heart failure on 5 July, 1949.

Aherne, Thomas Joseph

  • ppcli
  • Persoon
  • 1958-2017

Thomas Joseph Aherne was born in Montreal, Quebec on 22 January 1958 to Michael and Margaret Aherne. He had five siblings: Mary, Breeda, James, Kathleen, and Margaret. His passions in life were learning, teamwork, taking on challenges, and teaching others. His pursuit of those passions led to a 21-year long career in the Canadian Military, where he served in the Royal Canadian Regiment, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI) and the Canadian Airborne Regiment. He earned many achievements, awards, and honours. In 1984, he completed qualifications to become a course instructor. His leadership qualities and mastery of many military skills led to his appointment to the elite units Special Emergency Response Team (SERT) and Joint Task Force 2 (JTF-2). After he retired from the Canadian Armed Forces with the rank of Warrant Officer in 1997, he started his own electrical contracting business based in Calgary, Alberta. He was previously married to Pamela Jill Plummer. He later married Maureen McKee. He died of pancreatic cancer at the age of 59 on 18 October 2017.

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry. Band

  • ppcli
  • Instelling
  • 1914-1994

Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry had two bands during the First World War. The Edmonton Pipe Band joined as a unit in August 1914. Pipers played men over the top and then followed as stretcher-bearers. The core of the PPCLI Brass and Reed Band was formed when eligible members of The St. Mary’s Boys Brigade Band joined the 140th New Brunswick Battalion in January 1916. When the 140th was broken up in November 1917, the entire Band joined the PPCLI in the field. Bandmaster (Lance Sergeant) Charles H. Williams was wounded in the front lines near Tilloy, France 28 September 1918 and later died. His brother, Sergeant Harold H. (Pete) Williams took over as Bandmaster for the duration of the war. Both bands provided music during route marches, burials and rest periods. The PPCLI Band performed one of its last official duties on 27 February 1919 when they played at Princess Patricia’s wedding. When the Permanent Force was established in 1919, the PPCLI Military Band was reformed. Under the guidance of Captain Tommy James, it was stationed at Fort Osborne Barracks in Winnipeg during the 1920s and 30s. It played as many as 50 free concerts a year and was broadcast across Canada. In ca.1935 the PPCLI Bugle Band was formed and then a Dance Band was formed ca.1937. When Captain James retired in 1939, Warrant Officer Al Streeter took over as Director of Music. After the outbreak of Second World War, 15 younger members of the PPCLI Military Band volunteered for active duty and it was disbanded late in 1939. Warrant Officer Streeter arrived in England in 1941 to lead the 1st Canadian Divisional Band, which was largely made up of former PPCLI Bandsmen. The PPCLI Band was reactivated after the war and was established at Wainwright, Alberta. Enlistment was slow and recruitment took place in England and Holland. In 1951, the Band numbered 20 members, but by late 1953 it reached its authorized strength of 55 musicians. It performed in marching formation for ceremonies, and also as a stage band. it recorded a number of commercial albums. Due to budget cuts in 1994, the Concert Band was officially disbanded and reduced to a Corps of Drums.

Copley, Donald

  • ppcli
  • Persoon
  • 1928-

Donald Copley was born in Toronto, Ontario 4 December 1928. He enlisted with the Canadian Army Special Force at #6 Personnel Depot, Toronto 18 August 1950. He received basic training at Currie Barracks, Calgary as a member of the Second Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry and was assigned to 10 Platoon, D Company. At Wainwright, Alberta he received training as a stretcher bearer and then travelled to Fort Lewis, Washington for advance training. He arrived in Korea with the Second Battalion in December 1950 and underwent further training at Miryang. He later transferred to 9 Platoon, C Company until the Battalion was rotated home, at which time he was attached to A Company for a few days. Donald returned to Canada in November 1951 and was discharged in Toronto 17 February 1952. In the fall of 1952 Copley entered Acadia University and graduated in 1956 with a B.Sc. in Biology in 1956. During that time he also joined the Canadian Officer Training Corps and received training as an Officer Cadet at Acadia and Camp Borden. He then entered medical school at McGill University, graduating with a M.D., C.M. in 1960. While at McGill he joined the Canadian Forces Medical Officer Subsidization Plan and following a year of rotating internship at Montreal General Hospital joined the Royal Canadian Air Force as a Medical Officer with the rank of Flight/Lieutenant and married Edna Mae Bannerman in May 1961. While serving in the RCAF, Lieutenant Copley completed flight surgeon training at the RCAF School of Aviation Medicine in Toronto and was a medical officer at Station Foymount and then MO at the Institute of Aviation Medicine and #6 Personnel Depot. Copley resigned from the Air Force in April 1965 and took employment with the Public Service of Canada as a medical examiner and then medical advisor with the Canadian Pension Commission. He then obtained employment with the Civil Aviation Division of Health and Welfare Canada acting as Regional Aviation Medical Officer for the Prairies and then British Columbia. During this time, Doctor Copley completed the Diploma Course in Aviation Medicine at the Royal Air Force Institute of Aviation Medicine in Farmborough, England and qualified as a Private Pilot at Rockcliffe Flying Club in Ottawa. He also served as Medical Officer for #402 City of Winnipeg Squadron of the Canadian Forces Air Reserve, holding the rank of Captain. Doctor Copley retired from the Public Service of Canada in 1986 and obtained employment with the Worker's Compensation Board of British Columbia as a Medical Advisor until retiring again in January 1999. He now lives in West Vancouver, BC.

MacLeod, Donald G.

  • ppcli
  • Persoon
  • fl. 1950-1999

Donald G. MacLeod was a Lieutenant and Platoon Commander of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, Second Battalion, 5 Platoon in Korea, 1950-1951.

McMillan, Donald Hugh

  • ppcli
  • Persoon
  • fl. 1939-1945

Donald Hugh McMillan was a member of the First Canadian Parachute Company (the forerunner of the Airborne Regiment) and served in the Battle of Britain and in Europe during the Second World War.

Munro, Donald

  • ppcli
  • Persoon
  • 1919-

Donald Munro was born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1919. He immigrated to Canada in 1925 and settled in Carstairs, Alberta. He joined the Alberta Light Horse (militia) in 1936 as a Trooper prior to attending the University of Alberta in 1938-1939. He was commissioned in August 1939 but resigned his Commission to join the Calgary Highlanders 7 September 1939 at the outbreak of World War Two. Re-commissioned in August 1940 he served as a Platoon Leader, Carrier Platoon and served with the Calgary Highlanders in England from December 1940 until August 1943 when he joined the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry in Sicily. Lieutenant Munro served with the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry in Sicily, Italy and Holland as a Platoon Leader and Transport Officer until he was Struck Off Strength in May 1945. Following the War Munro saw militia service with the King's Own Calgary Regiment, the Calgary Highlanders and 110 Manning Depot until retiring in 1967 with the rank of Captain. From 1990 until 1993 Don Munro was the Curator of the Calgary Highlanders Regimental Museum. He then assumed the position of volunteer Archivist and acted as a Gallery Host for the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry Regimental Museum until retiring in April 2003.

Wilkinson, George

  • ppcli
  • Persoon
  • fl. 1937-1940

P21376 George Wilkinson was an Officer Cadet who joined the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 1 September 1939 as a Lance Corporal and was Struck Off Strength 20 November 1940 and subsequently commissioned to another Regiment.

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